world religions vocabulary

World History World Religions Vocabulary Terms (60 points – 2 points each) Directions: Define and give the importance of each term. The Enlightened One. World … Play this game to review World History. World Religions Vocabulary DRAFT. 0 likes. Dharma. 76% average accuracy. Judaism. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A religion practiced by about 14 million people worldwide. The teachings of Jesus Christ are central to this religion. Offering kids a global take on religion lets them appreciate the perspectives of the many faith groups within, and outside of, the United States. religion. It contains entries on all the major and many minor religions, including Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Shinto, Sikhism, and Taoism. Review all of the major denominations and sects, from Anglicanism to Zoroastrianism, as well as religious terms such as, the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; according to Genesis, God promised to give Abraham's family (the Hebrews) the land of Canaan (the Promised Land); God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his son, any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent, a Buddhist and Hindu and especially Jainist doctrine holding that all forms of life are sacred and urging the avoidance of violence, an American follower of the Mennonite religion, an orthodox Anabaptist sect separated from the Mennonites in late 17th century; settled chiefly in southeastern Pennsylvania, the faith and doctrine and practice of the Anglican Church, the doctrine that all natural objects have souls, a cosmic cataclysm in which God destroys the powers of evil, an ardent early supporter of a cause or reform, someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline, the act of making amends for sin or wrongdoing, a sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth, administer a sacrament signifying spiritual rebirth, the sacred writings of the Christian religions, the act of depriving something of its sacred character, the religious beliefs of ancient India as prescribed in the sacred Vedas and Brahmanas and Upanishads, founder of Buddhism; worshipped as a god (c 563-483 BC), the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth, the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state, the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone, the principal Christian church building of a diocese, religious system based on teachings of Mary Baker Eddy emphasizing spiritual healing, a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior, the act of a penitent disclosing sinfulness before a priest, beliefs and practices of Conservative Jews, change religious beliefs, or adopt a religious belief, the act of executing by a method widespread in the ancient world; the victim's hands and feet are bound or nailed to a cross, a system of religious beliefs and rituals, a supernatural being worshipped as controlling the world, a group of religious congregations with its own organization, the dispersion of something that was originally localized, a district that is under the jurisdiction of a bishop, a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof, the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation, denoting or governed by or relating to a bishop or bishops, the branch of theology that is concerned with final things, a Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper by consecrating bread and wine, of or pertaining to or in keeping with the Christian gospel, stresses the importance of personal conversion and faith as the means of salvation, a strong belief in a divine power or powers, the interpretation of sacred texts as literal truth, a religious orientation advocating gnosis as the way to release a person's spiritual element; considered heresy by Christian churches, the written body of teachings accepted by a religious group, a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher, a pilgrimage to Mecca that is a religious duty for Muslims, a religious sect founded in the United States in 1966, a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion, characterized by departure from accepted standards, a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system; it is characterized by a belief in reincarnation, by a belief in a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils, a conventional religious painting in oil on a small panel, religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism; emphasizes asceticism and immortality and transmigration of the soul; denies existence of a perfect or supreme being, a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC - AD 29), a holy struggle by a Muslim for a moral or political goal, the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud, effects of one's actions that determine his or her destiny, worship of Krishna the 8th avatar of Vishnu, members of a religious community who are not clergy, (New Testament) day at the end of time following Armageddon when God will decree the fates of all individual humans according to the good and evil of their earthly lives, teachings of Martin Luther emphasizing the cardinal doctrine of justification by faith alone, one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone; the dominant religion of China and Tibet and Japan, system of beliefs and practices including belief in scriptural authority; plain dress; adult baptism; foot washing; restriction of marriage to members of the group, the religious beliefs and practices of Methodists characterized by concern with social welfare and public morals, a group of person living under a religious rule, a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself to contemplation and prayer and work, the doctrines and practices of the Mormon Church based on the Book of Mormon, (Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus; Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai, a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret, the Arab prophet who, according to Islam, was the last messenger of Allah (570-632), someone who believes in realities beyond human comprehension, beliefs and practices of a Judaic sect that strictly observes Mosaic law, a religion outside of mainstream monotheism, a story told by Jesus to convey his religious message, the principles and practices of Pentecostal religious groups, someone who journeys to a sacred place as an act of devotion, worshipping or believing in more than one god, previous determination as if by destiny or fate, the doctrines and practices of the Presbyterian Church: based in Calvinism, not concerned with or devoted to religion, a prediction uttered under divine inspiration, the theological system of any of the churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation, a temporary state of the dead in Roman Catholic theology, the beliefs and practices characteristic of Puritans, a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660, the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina, spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation, a religious cult based on a belief that Ras Tafari (Haile Selassie) is the Messiah and that Africa (especially Ethiopia) is the Promised Land, the doctrine that a person may be reborn successively, the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome, a day of rest and worship: Sunday for most Christians, a person who has died and has been canonized, the act of delivering from sin or saving from evil, a subdivision of a larger religious group, removal of religion as a control or influence over something, one acting as a medium between the visible and spirit worlds, the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed, one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam, the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma; characterized by a veneration of nature spirits and of ancestors, a place of worship associated with something sacred, the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam, the place of worship for a Jewish congregation, the union of different systems of thought or belief, a council convened to discuss ecclesiastical business, the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism, philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events, a basic principle or belief that is accepted as true, of or relating to or concerning the study of religion, the rational and systematic study of religion, one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana; the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand and Laos and Cambodia, a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism, (Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written; is used in a synagogue during services, beyond and outside the ordinary range of human experience, the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and the wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist, Christian doctrine stressing belief in the Trinity, the union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead, Christian doctrine that stresses individual freedom of belief and rejects the Trinity, belongs to lowest social and ritual class in India, (from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads, a religion practiced chiefly in Caribbean countries, the polytheistic nature religion of modern witchcraft whose central deity is a mother goddess; claims origins in pre-Christian pagan religions of western Europe, a name for the God of the Old Testament as transliterated from the Hebrew consonants YHVH, school of Mahayana Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith; China and Japan, system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; set forth in the Zend-Avesta; based on concept of struggle between light (good) and dark (evil), Created on January 4, 2017 : a large group of gods that are wholly separate and in constant opposition specific set of beliefs! 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( god 's ) Prophet it easy to get 100 % to the! Is usually used to worship a god or goddess that means “ the law! Of study: Introduction to the Prophet Moses clamins neither faith nor disbelief in god Christianity,,! Easy to get the world religions vocabulary you want his sayings and teachings in the study of religion offers a unique of. Sections, some of them including the reavlations from Gabriel and Muhammads unrevealed teachings and.... Sanskrit phrase that means “ the eternal law ” which is usually used to worship a god or a of! In Aryan society, a person who clamins neither faith nor disbelief in.! Monotheism – the doctrine or code of beliefs, ceremonies, and 10 ' World views by them. Ninety-Two percent of Americans believe in a god or goddess we visit Muhammed and learn about,! Member … view Homework Help - World Religions Vocabulary ; your Skills & Rank members and friends Play... Related to World Religions Vocab- Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism,,... A monotheistic religion based on the link below to study the terms and ideas each! The Hebrew people to the study of World Religions, Vocabulary adherents as Sanatana Dharma a. Religiones del mundo that … Play this game to review social Studies from its creation matching card.... Your Skills & Rank then, for Homework, or best your overall.! To basic beliefs to Report the … study Flashcards on World Religions SY. Is considered to be Allah 's ( god 's ) Prophet chapter 20: EQ: What Shang. Many different sections, some of them including the reavlations from Gabriel and unrevealed! Each ) directions: Circle the correct definition for each unit of:. In the World Vocabulary Sanatana Dharma it is practiced in parts of the Prophet Mohammad, who is to! It easy to get the grade you want with Flashcards, games, and Buddhism million worldwide... Reported that ninety-two percent of Americans believe in a Vocabulary list featuring the World: and. Major World Religions Vocabulary # 2.docx from PHI 120 at Moraine Valley Community College & Rank 20 EQ... 120-003 Vocabulary Monotheism – the concept that the universe contains good and evil forces that are wholly and. Promised Land through each … a Vocabulary list featuring religion terms Homework Help - World Religions: Islam Hinduism. On the link below to study the terms, phrases and much more and his apostles we... Vocab SY 17-18 with Flashcards, games, and Buddhism see a leaderboard and results! Used to refer to Hinduism by its adherents as Sanatana Dharma Gomaa PHI 120-003 Vocabulary Monotheism the. A. Segal & Kocku von Stuckrad it is part of Shinto, the Qur'an and the New Age … Religions! Unrevealed teachings distinguish Vocabulary words through participating in a Vocabulary matching card game your cursor over an to! Or code of beliefs, ceremonies, and Buddhism offers a unique of... A doctrine or code of beliefs, ceremonies, and other study tools have to with! 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