The pre-reform forms of letters called 'Полуустав' were notably kept for use in Church Slavonic and are sometimes used in Russian even today, especially if one wants to give a text a 'Slavic' or 'archaic' feel. Punctuation for Cyrillic text is similar to that used in European Latin-alphabet languages. Cyrillic is derived from the Greek uncial script, augmented by letters from the older Glagolitic alphabet, including some ligatures. A boldfaced type is called poluzhirniy shrift ("semi-bold type"), because there existed fully boldfaced shapes that have been out of use since the beginning of the 20th century. Many of the letterforms differed from those of modern Cyrillic, varied a great deal in manuscripts, and changed over time. With the flexibility of computer input methods, there are also transliterating or phonetic/homophonic keyboard layouts made for typists who are more familiar with other layouts, like the common English QWERTY keyboard. Proto-Sinaitic. St. Cyril, the inventor of the Cyrillic alphabet, was a Byzantine missionary. The second consonant in double letters is not omitted, except in some cases. B (Bat) Nice work! Cyrillic is derived from the Greek uncial script. Sometimes different letters were used interchangeably, for example И = І = Ї, as were typographical variants like О = Ѻ. Kazakh President Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev has ordered a new variation of the Kazakh-language alphabet based on Latin letters that would replace the current alphabet based on Cyrillic … From the Cumae alphabet, the Etruscan alphabet was derived and the Latins finally adopted 21 of the original 26 Etruscan letters. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, some of the former republics officially shifted from Cyrillic to Latin. It is currently used exclusively or as one of several alphabets for more than 50 languages, notably Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Montenegrin (spoken in Montenegro; also called Serbian), Russian, Serbian, Tajik (a dialect of Persian), Turkmen, Ukrainian, and Uzbek. The early Cyrillic alphabet was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School by Saint Clement of Ohrid and Saint Naum and replaced the earlier Glagolitic script developed by the Byzantine theologians Cyril and Methodius. Phoenician . Letters in blue are new letters, or they are switched. 1 About the alphabet itself 2 Languages that use cyrillic 2.1 Belorussian 2.2 Bulgarian 2.3 Moldovan 2.4 Russian 2.5 Serbian 2.6 Ukrainian 2.7 Andrey or Andrei- Transliteration Issues Cyrillic alphabet comes from the time of the Christianization of Kievan Rus. The Balkan Slavs may initially have used the Greek alphabet for the occasional notation of a Slavic name or an individual word. It was introduced in the 1940s and has been in use as the official writing system of Mongolia ever since. The Cyrillic alphabet is closely based on the Greek alphabet, with about a dozen additional letters invented to represent Slavic sounds not found in Greek (Russian prononciation and cyrillic alphabet guide) English/Russian/English Electronic Dictionary. The Russian language never used the Roman script at any point of its history. For me the mnemonic AKMOT is fine, but you may find that any of the combinations is better for you. The Cyrilic (Russian) Alphabet Curiously, the Cyrillic alphabet is named after St. Cyril, a Greek monk who, along with St. Methodius, brought Christianity to what is now Russia. For example, the separatist Chechen government mandated a Latin script which is still used by many Chechens. In the early 18th century, the Cyrillic script used in Russia was heavily reformed by Peter the Great, who had recently returned from his Grand Embassy in Western Europe. The Cyrillic alphabet is an adaptation of the Greek alphabet. Those in the diaspora especially refuse to use the Chechen Cyrillic alphabet, which they associate with Russian imperialism. Cyrillic script Belarusian alphabet Rusyn language Orthographic ligature Cyrillic alphabets. The Unicode 5.1 standard, released on 4 April 2008, greatly improves computer support for the early Cyrillic and the modern Church Slavonic language. Notes. The Cyrillic alphabet is based on a version of the Greek Alphabet, and the Latin Alphabet is also based on a version of the Greek Alphabet. Origins of Cyrillic Alphabets. The Cyrillic alphabet has gone through many reforms in both Russia and other countries. Representing other writing systems with Cyrillic letters is called Cyrillization.  Instead, the nomenclature follows German naming patterns: As in Latin typography, a sans-serif face may have a mechanically sloped oblique type (naklonniy shrift—"sloped", or "slanted type") instead of italic. A bold italic combination (bold slanted) does not exist for all font families. The Russian alphabet is based on the Cyrillic script, meaning it’s somewhat different from Roman script, i.e. Cards in order of the Russian Alphabet. The development of Cyrillic typography passed directly from the medieval stage to the late Baroque, without a Renaissance phase as in Western Europe. The Cyrillic script (/ s ɪ ˈ r ɪ l ɪ k / sih-RIL-ik) is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia and is used as the national script in various Slavic, Turkic, Mongolic and Iranic-speaking countries in Southeastern Europe, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, North Asia and East Asia For national variants of the Cyrillic script, see, 1780s Romanian text (Lord's Prayer), written with the Cyrillic script, Letters Ge, De, I, I kratkoye, Me, Te, Tse, Be and Ve in upright (printed) and cursive (handwritten) variants. The Cyrillic alphabet and the languages that use it. Slovenian Cyrillic is a way to write Slovenian with the Cyrillic alphabet devised by Alexander Ilynovich from Kaluga Oblast, Russia. The school developed the Cyrillic script: Unlike the Churchmen in Ohrid, Preslav scholars were much more dependent upon Greek models and quickly abandoned the Glagolitic scripts in favor of an adaptation of the Greek uncial to the needs of Slavic, which is now known as the Cyrillic alphabet.. Indeed, it is believed that this alphabet was developed by the Saint Cyril’s disciples in the late 9th century. Cyrillic uppercase and lowercase letter forms are not as differentiated as in Latin typography. It is derived from the Greek uncial script letters, augmented by ligatures and consonants from the older Glagolitic alphabet for sounds not found in Greek. The Kazakh language was based on Latin script in 1929-1940.  This act was controversial for speakers of many Slavic languages; for others, such as Chechen and Ingush speakers, the law had political ramifications. So what’s a Russian language lea… The Columbia Encyclopaedia, Sixth Edition. 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