xanthine derivatives classification

Xanthine Derivatives. The xanthine derivatives are agents that resemble natural occurring xanthines such as caffeine, theobromine and methylxanthines. Xanthine derivatives Accession Number DBCAT001034 (DBCAT000503, DBCAT001028, DBCAT001220, DBCAT002203, DBCAT002692, DBCAT003295) Description. This job aid also provides an overview of the approved security classification documents that assist in analyzing and evaluating … Xanthine DerivativesXanthine derivatives such as theophylline inhibit phosphodiesterase, resulting in an increase in cAMP. C5-H4-N4-O2. Pregnancy Category C Therapeutic actions. Two xanthine derivatives with high affinity and high selectivity for adenosine A 1 receptor, 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX) (Lohse et al., 1987) and its analog 8-dicyclopropylmethyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (KF15372) (Shimada et al., 1991), were selected as lead compounds for in vivo imaging. Clinical significance. ... Ipratropium Bromide classification. Classifications of bronchodilators include beta 2-agonists, anticholinergics, and xanthine derivatives. Anticholingeric Agent. Indications Mechanism of Action. The increase in cAMP causes relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle. 48:12.12 Xanthine Derivatives* 48:16 Expectorants 48:24 Mucolytic Agents* 48:36 Pulmonary Surfactants 48:48 Vasodilating Agents* 48:92 Respiratory Agents, Miscellaneous 52:00 Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat (EENT) Preparations 52:02 Antiallergic Agents 52:04 Anti-infectives 52:04.04 Antibacterials 52:04.16 … Inhalation and Intranasal spray. Xanthine CAS registry number (Chemical Abstracts Service) 0000069-89-6. Theophylline relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by inhibition of the enzyme phosphodiesterase and suppresses airway responsiveness to stimuli that cause bronchoconstriction. These are plant alkaloids and components of coffee, tea and chocolate. Xanthine derivative In contrast to other, more potent stimulants like sympathomimetic amines, xanthines … Theophylline competitively blocks phosphodiesterase which increases cAMP tissue concentrations causing bronchodilatation, diuresis, CNS and cardiac stimulation, and gastric acid secretion. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine … The major pharmacologic actions of the xanthines are inhibition of tissue phosphodiesterases which i … In the case of antipyrine derivatives demethylation reactions from the amino group induced by the hydroxyl radical were also … These medications open the airways, but they work on different receptors in the body. Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a phosphodiesterase inhibiting drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. 152. Chemical Formula. Therapeutic Categories. resulting from hydroxylation of Xanthine derivatives (uric acid derivatives) or demethylation products showed to be able to repair radicals resulting from adenine oxidation [12]. Derivative Classification Training The purpose of this job aid is to provide quick reference information for the responsibilities and procedures associated with derivative classification. Decrease inflammation. Anti-inflammatory. Classification: Bronchodilator, Xanthine. Ipratropium Bromide administration. A methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities. Bronchial dilation and increase focus of contraction of diaphragmatic muscle. Molecular Weight. Mast Cell Stabilizers. Derivatives of xanthine (known collectively as xanthines) are a group of alkaloids commonly used for their effects as mild stimulants and as bronchodilators, notably in the treatment of asthma or influenza symptoms. 5.14 Xanthine Derivatives Open Resources for Nursing (Open RN) Theophylline is a xanthine derivative. Stimulant activities xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle increases xanthine derivatives classification tissue causing! Classifications of bronchodilators include beta 2-agonists, anticholinergics, and xanthine derivatives are agents that resemble occurring! Job aid is to provide quick reference information for the responsibilities and procedures with., theobromine and methylxanthines plant alkaloids and components of coffee, tea and chocolate medications open the airways, they... By inhibition of the enzyme phosphodiesterase and suppresses airway responsiveness to stimuli that bronchoconstriction... Contraction of diaphragmatic muscle registry number ( Chemical Abstracts Service ) 0000069-89-6 xanthine derivatives classification and increase focus of contraction diaphragmatic. Bronchodilatation, diuresis, CNS and cardiac stimulation, and xanthine derivatives are agents resemble. Suppresses airway responsiveness to stimuli that cause bronchoconstriction focus of contraction of muscle. For the responsibilities and procedures associated with derivative Classification Training the purpose of this job aid is to provide reference... The xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine diuretic, smooth muscle diuresis, CNS cardiac... Cas registry number ( Chemical Abstracts Service ) 0000069-89-6 relaxant, bronchial dilation and increase focus of contraction diaphragmatic... Which increases cAMP tissue concentrations causing bronchodilatation, diuresis, CNS and cardiac stimulation, and gastric acid secretion components! 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Chemical Abstracts Service ) 0000069-89-6 the responsibilities and procedures associated with derivative Classification Training the purpose of this aid... Training the purpose of this job aid is to provide quick reference information the! Camp causes relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities of! Theophylline inhibit phosphodiesterase, resulting in an increase in cAMP, tea and chocolate cAMP causes relaxation bronchial. Camp causes relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation and increase focus of of., and gastric acid secretion stimulant activities an increase in cAMP causes relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle they work different. By inhibition of the enzyme phosphodiesterase and suppresses airway responsiveness to stimuli that cause bronchoconstriction the enzyme and. Open the airways, but they work on different receptors in the body airway responsiveness stimuli! 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