In April 1917, the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin returned to Russia from his exile. The Bolsheviks participated in the elections to the All Russian Congress of Soviets, which became the Parliament of the country. The non-Russians were now allowed to participate in politics in the Soviet Union (USSR). Streets were filled with people shouting slogans of bread, wages, lesser working hours and of democracy. The conditions in 1917 in Petrograd were grim as there was an acute shortage of food in the worker’s quarters. They set up funds for members in distress, reduction of working hours and right to vote. For women workers, crèches were established in factories for the children. The party was divided over the strategy of organisation. Even though industries were flourishing especially the agriculture sector and there was abundant food supply, the ultimate freedom to citizens was denied. technology to drive streamlined access to best-matched mentors & leading global Universities. Their agenda was also to promote the rights of individuals against the government. In spite of collectivisation, production did not increase immediately and due to bad harvests of 1930-1933 over 4 million people died. The Labour Party and Socialist Party were formed by socialists and trade unionists, by 1905. Karl Marx (1818-1883) argued that industrial society was ‘capitalist’ and the workers should build a socialist society where all property was socially controlled to become free of capitalist status. Effects. Stalin led the party after the death of Lenin called for emergency measures. Here are some of the major repercussions of the October Revolution: The civilian war witnessed disapproval from various leading groups in Europe. According to Marx industrial society was ‘capitalist’ who owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. Each one of us has got something unique enough to be successful; we believe in bringing you closer to that Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) contributed immensely to the theories and study of the concept of socialism. Women accounted for 31% of factory labour in 1914 but were paid lesser than men. From 1914 to 1916 Russians armies lost war against Germany and Austria. In 1898, socialists founded the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party who respected Marx’s ideas. In the countryside, peasants and their Socialist Revolutionary leaders pressed for a redistribution of land. Liberals, Radicals, and Conservatives. Most peasants were able to seize the lands of the nobility class. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution! Industrialization brought together men, children, and women to factories. From 1929, the Party forced all peasants to cultivate in collective farms (kolkhoz). Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560034, Leverage Edu Mumbai, 1. Support wore thin. According to them, society can be developed if freedom of individuals was ensured, if the poor could labour, and those with capital could operate without restraint. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Worksheet 14 File 134.9KB PDF document Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Worksheet 15 File 135.3KB PDF document Download to … Capitalism and the rule of private property were overthrown. Q.3 Why did the Tsarist autocracy collapse in 1917? The Russian Revolution changed society differently and raised the question of economic equality and the well-being of workers and peasants. For Russian workers, bad times started from the year 1904 as prices of essential goods rose and their real wages declined by 20 per cent. The emergence of World War I indirectly impacted the Russian Revolution in great terms, let us have a look at some key pointers related to it: As mentioned in socialism and the Russian revolution, the February Revolution was one of the most influential events of that period. Socialists were against private property and saw it as the root of all social ills of the time. Liberals and socialists worked towards an elected government. On 16 October 1917, Lenin persuaded the Petrograd Soviet and the Bolshevik Party to agree to a socialist seizure of power. In the year 1904. • In 1900, the Russian Socialist Democratic Labour Party was formed. With data-first approach at Leverage Edu, you get 100% 20, Marol MIDC, Hence, the October revolution is marked as an essential topic under the chapter on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. The responses that emerged in Europe after the French Revolution can be categorised as ‘conservative’, ‘liberal’ and ‘radical’. The Liberal Group was strongly against the unrestrained power of the authoritative rulers. In many countries, communist parties were formed, like the Communist Party of Great Britain. Before this Czar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Ans. The procession was attacked by the police and the Cossacks when it reached the Winter Palace. Robert Owen (1771-1858) sought to build a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). By 1927-28, Soviet Russia faced an acute shortage of grains. This group were not ‘democrats’. Petrograd had led the February Revolution that brought down the monarchy in February 1917. However, with the onset of the French Revolution between 1789 to 1790, people raised their voices to change the country’s political landscape and uproot the monarchy system. Many non-Russians outside of the USSR were a part of the Conference of Peoples of East during 1920 and the Bolshevik group initiated the Comintern (a worldwide union of Bolshevik socialist party supporters). Andheri East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400069, Are you interested in knowing about the past and how it connects to our contemporary world? Support for Socialism. By the winter of 1916, riots at bread shops were common. Schooling system developed, and arrangements were made for factory workers and peasants to enter universities. So, in this blog, we have prepared the study notes on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution to help you understand this chapter in a simpler manner. At a meeting in Petrograd of the All Russian Congress of Soviets party, the majority approved the Bolshevik action. Peasants were forced to work on collectivized farms. After October 1917, this led to experiments in the arts and architecture. 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