bosch automotive wiki

The Brazilian antitrust authority Council for Economic Defence, or CADE, made it official on 29 January 2015, described in a press release on the 30th, from the company. His father, a freemason, was unusually highly educated for someone of his class, and placed special importance on a good education for his children. A faulty leak detection pump will cause a check engine warning and is an emission relevant component. In only a few years' time, he succeeded in turning his company from a small automotive supplier into a multinational electronics group. VCI from Bosch The new Firmware Version 2.4.116.156 of the Bosch MTS 6531 is live now. The North American headquarters of the CAS division are located in Auburn Hills, Michigan, directly east of the Great Lakes Crossing mall. [37] Later that year, it announced it would cease tire production in Charlotte[38] and would close its tire production plant in Mayfield, Kentucky. IN NORTH AMERICA 8AM - 5PM CST MON-FRI FOR BOSCH WORLD WIDE CLICK HERE CLICK TO CALL. Hieronymus 1450?-1516. In rapid succession in the years following the First World War, Bosch launched innovations for the motor vehicle, including diesel fuel injection in 1927. Go to Bosch Media Center. Accéder au formulaire de contact. View Product. In 1904, Continental became the first company in the world to manufacture grooved vehicle tires. [34] Continental's CEO Elmar Degenhart commented, "Notice of termination of the investment agreement is understandable from the vantage point of Schaeffler, our anchor shareholder. 888 715 3616. In the 1920s the global economic crisis caused Bosch to begin a rigorous program of modernization and diversification in his company. His father, a freemason, was unusually highly educated for someone of his class, and placed special importance on a good education for his children. [48]. [6] Another major product Continental invented was detachable wheel tire that was made for touring vehicles (1905). For the type of tire, see, Automotive electrical-energy storage systems, "Continental Automotive -The Automotive Group of Continental AG - Innovations for a Mobile Automotive Future", "The History of General Tire from 1915 up to now", "Continental sets about integrating Siemens VDO", "Hunter Continental AG now becomes the hunted", "Schaeffler wins battle on Continental chief", "Continental Back in German DAX After Schaeffler Recovery", "Nikolai Setzer appointed CEO of Continental", "German Autoparts Company Begins Investment in Costa Rica", "Continental Automotive -The Business Units – Integrated and specialized", "Continental Automotive - Body & Security (BS)", "Continental Automotive -Our locations – worldwide presence", "Billionaire Schaeffler Shunned School to Lead Company", "Schaeffler Group seeks strategic shareholding in Continental AG", "Schaeffler agrees to limit Continental stake", "Continental concludes far-reaching Investment Agreement with Schaeffler", "Schaeffler Ending Conti Investment Agreement", "Continental appoints Neumann as new CEO", "Company Profile, Information, Business Description, and History", "USW Lawsuit Results in Continental Tire Agreeing to Provide Retiree Health Care", "Continental may halt production, lay off 478", "Continental Tire to close Kentucky plant", "Continental to build tire plant in S. Carolina", "GM to Build Michigan Plant to Supply Volt Batteries", "LG Chem sees more battery orders for GM's Volt in 2011", "Continental Corporation -Honda and Continental Honored with 2016 Automotive News PACE Innovation Partnership Award", "Continental Wins 2018 Automotive News PACE and Innovation Partnership Awards | Markets Insider", "Continental's Virtual A-Pillar Honored in First Automotive News PACEpilot Award Program", "Continental CEO Degenhart to Resign, Citing Health Reasons", "Continental AG closes $1.6 billion acquisition of Fairlawn-based Veyance Technologies Inc", Documents and clippings about Continental AG, German Association of the Automotive Industry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Continental_AG&oldid=995463381, Multinational companies headquartered in Germany, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles to be expanded from January 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2009–2009: Rolf Koerfer (6 March - 28 September), This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 04:22. [32] Schaeffler in return agreed to limit its position to less than 50% for a period of four years and support Continental's ongoing strategy. By offering a comprehensive technology toolkit to auto manufacturers, they enable these manufacturers to develop customised electrification in their vehicles, resulting in more efficient systems that produce lower emissions. [39], In 2011, CTA announced that it would build a plant in Sumter, South Carolina. In 2020, Continental won an inaugural PACEpilot award for its Virtual A-Pillar technology that helps to eliminate forward blind spots. [25], The Interior Division is organised under the following five business units:[26], Body & Security is leading the development of Vehicle Electronics and Cabin Control Systems,[27] with Research and Development Locations in Germany, Singapore, India, Mexico, US, and China as well as in many other locations around the world, allowing a global reach to nearly every market region. • Bosch Brewing Company, a small beer brewery founded by Joseph Bosch in Michigan, USA [49]. Apply now. 440 subsidiaries and regional companies in over 60 countries — sales and service partners in roughly 150 countries worldwide. A year later, he made a decisive improvement to an unpatented magneto ignition device made by the engine manufacturer Deutz, providing his first business success. [22], In Argentina, teamed up with FATE in 1999 for the production of tires for cars, trucks, and buses[23] and exports the production of the San Fernando plant to the rest of South America. Purchasing and logistics. Portalul de presă România. Send us a message. For news about Bosch in North America, please visit our Media Center. Our experienced associates work continuously to develop safe, versatile, and resource-conserving solutions worldwide. Still looking for something? [19][20], In 2001, Continental acquired a controlling interest in Temic, DaimlerChrysler's automotive-electronics business, which is now part of Continental Automotive Systems. Continental is structured in five divisions: Continental sells tires for automobiles, motorcycles, and bicycles worldwide under the Continental brand. Looking for a job? The subsidiary announced that effective 1 January 2006, it would implement massive cuts on health care for retirees across the country. In 1897, Bosch was the first to adapt a magneto to a vehicle engine. Visitez notre site web international. In the automotive area, Bosch is the world's original equipment and innovation leader, manufacturing and marketing original equipment and aftermarket products for the North American Continental also has a research and development arm in the tech heavy Silicon Valley where, among other things, the company focuses on developing technologies supporting autonomous driving vehicles. [36] At the time, Continental was following other tire manufacturers, such as Bridgestone and Michelin, into the American tire market. Gigalight Plus 120 automotive … The well-established Starter Motors and Generators division of the Bosch Group has completed its transition to an independent company: It will operate under the name SEG Automotive… Bosch was born in Albeck, a village to the northeast of Ulm in southern Germany as the eleventh of twelve children. It goes the distance with a 99.9%* efficiency rating to remove more dirt and is designed with 300%** greater capacity to hold more dirt. [3] At the same time, Bosch supported the resistance against Adolf Hitler and together with his closest associates saved victims of Nazi persecution from deportation. Accesează portalul de presă . One year later, Bosch presented the first low voltage magneto for gas engines. Telephone +4971140040990. Auto. The total transition was $1.6 billion. ‘Lakshya’, Bosch India’s initiative for its future-proofing, focuses on five pillars – Customer Centricity, Collaboration, Start-up Culture, People Centricity and Sustainable growth; Bosch endeavours to provide technologies and solutions to equip India to find a place amongst the top global economies within the next few decades. Furthermore it explains the navigation on the Bosch Classic Technical Archive, in which you can find equipment lists and original documentation on products among others. Către formularul de contact. In February 2016, CTA announced that it would build a Commercial Tire plant in Clinton, Mississippi, with an investment totaling approximately $1.4 billion and employing 2,500 people when the plant reaches full capacity in the next decade. The Radio Frequency System, powered by a single standard coin cell, and an innovative vehicle-mounted RF transceiver, was developed together by Honda and Continental, and was debuted on the Acura MDX in 2013 and was quickly followed by the Acura TLX and Acura RLX in 2014. Bosch was born in Albeck, a village to the northeast of Ulm in southern Germany as the eleventh of twelve children. Stay up to date. Ai întrebări sau recomandări? Téléphone +1 888 819 7265. Continental Tire entered the North American tire industry with its 1987 purchase of General Tire from GenCorp, forming Continental General Tire Corp . 460 subsidiaries and regional companies in over 60 countries — sales and service partners in roughly 150 countries worldwide. Our Automotive Quality Management system ensures worldwide standards and full compliance with international automotive norms and requirements (such as IATF 16949). In doing so, he solved one of the greatest technical problems faced by the nascent automotive industry. Still looking for something? [16]. The company also purchased German automotive rubber and plastics company Phoenix AG in 2004, and the automotive electronics unit of Motorola in 2006. The new product brochure of Bosch Classic shows a complete overview of the Bosch spare parts and the repair services offered for classic and youngclassic vehicles- from the engine, body, chassis to service parts. Search . Send us a message. Automotive Service Solutions; Service Concepts; Workshop Concepts; Bosch Gear; Bosch Auto Parts. Other brands are Uniroyal, Sime Tyres, Mabor, Matador, AmeriSteel, Novum, Simex, Astrum Blue, and TecnoTread. Telephone +1 888 819 7265. The plant was to open in two phases and ultimately employ 550 workers.[20]. Slide Hammer . Prompted by his awareness of social responsibility, he was one of the first industrialists in Germany to introduce the eight-hour work day, followed by other social benefits for his associates. [30], Ten years later, Geissinger returned to Continental with mother and son owners Maria-Elisabeth and Georg Schaeffler and a consortium of banks, to buy control of the company. Click here to go to our firmware downloads for Bosch VCIs. In addition, he bears regional responsibility for … In 2020 Bosch ranked 95 of FORTUNE 500. Robert Bosch Automotive Steering GmbH (former as “ZF Lenksysteme GmbH”) is one of the nine divisions of Bosch Group with customers in twelve countries and twenty-five areas. [52], German company in the automotive supplier industry, "Continental Tire" redirects here. This includes testing and repair-shop technology, diagnostic software, service training, and technical information services. Bosch synonyms, Bosch pronunciation, Bosch translation, English dictionary definition of Bosch. [31] Continental appeared to have overextended itself with the acquisition of Siemens' VDO automotive unit in 2007 for €11.4 billion[10] and had lost almost half of its market capitalisation since. To contact form. Today Bosch is the world's premier supplier in several areas, including automotive, industrial, and building technologies, as well as consumer goods. He was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in 1984. Bosch is a globally active partner, with a one-of-a-kind portfolio for mobile applications, factory automation, and process plant engineering that features cutting-edge technology and matchless industry expertise. Apply now. Invented for life. In 2018, Continental won a PACE (Premier Automotive Suppliers' Contribution to Excellence) Award for its Digital Micromirror Head-Up Display technology. Telephone +1 917 421 7209. In 2015, Continental AG was honored with two PACE Awards for its Bare Die High-Density-Interconnect (BD-HDI) Printed Circuit Board Substrate Technology for Transmission Electronics[46] and its Multi-application Unified Sensor Element (MUSE). Tailored to automotive domains it can be integrated in your current environment such as Service Information systems. Find out more . Do you have questions or recommendations? Nous serons ravis de recevoir votre demande. The first two Continental Tire Bowls were both won by Virginia; the third and final (by that name) edition of the bowl was won by Boston College. Read more about this in our Annual Report 2018-19 . By 1913, the company had branch operations in America, Asia, Africa, and Australia, and was generating 88% of its sales outside Germany. [45] The Radio Frequency Device, helps the car user to operate a remote control key fob from more than half a kilometer away, to start the engine and climate control function, while receiving feedback from the vehicle (such as locked/unlocked). Bosch around the world. Purchasing and logistics. Bosch DistancePlus Oil Filters are high efficiency and high capacity oil filters designed to keep oil clean longer and protect the vehicle‘s engine. These include developing solutions for gasoline and diesel driven engines as well as the rapidly-developing area of electrified systems. PACEpilot is an offshoot of the long-standing PACE awards, and the programmes seeks to recognise innovations in automative technology that have moved to the working model phase of testing. The headquarters for North and South American tire divisions is located in the Charlotte metropolitan area at Fort Mill, South Carolina. Before the 19th century ended, Bosch expanded his operations beyond Germany. Continental is based in Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany. The Bosch mobility solutions web portal presents highlights from the areas of connected mobility, automated mobility, and powertrain systems and electrified mobility. [47] At the time, Continental was a major employer in Charlotte. The German branch of Continental AG has acquired the Fairlawn, Ohio-based rubber company Veyance Technologies Inc. Veyance will be integrated into the company's ContiTech division, and will serve as the regional home office for ContiTech in North America. Contact form. His parents came from a class of well-situated farmers from the region. Bosch Automotive Service Solutions, a business unit of the Automotive Aftermarket division, is one of the leading global suppliers for aftermarket and repair shops and offers a wide range of vehicle repair solutions. "[34] Continental's CEO Manfred Wennemer, who had opposed Schaeffler's offer, resigned and was succeeded by Karl-Thomas Neumann on 1 September 2008. When he died in 1942, he was survived by four children from two marriages. This arrangement was overseen by former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder[33] At Continental's 2013 annual shareholder meeting Schaeffler gave notice that it will terminate its mutual investment agreement with Continental in May 2014. Our starter motors ensure you can reliably begin your journey and they withstand even the toughest conditions. We are confident that the two companies will continue their very good and goal-oriented cooperation on into the future. Become a business partner. Robert Bosch Inc. 6955 Creditview Rd, Mississauga, ON L5N 8E9, Canada. The design of the lineup of nine- and 14-gallon vacuums – the VAC090S and VAC090A nine-gallon vacuums and VAC140S and VAC140A 14-gallon vacuums – includes tool integration. [21] Continental acquired Siemens VDO from Siemens AG in 2007. For news about Bosch in North America, please visit our Media Center. [42], Continental continues to look at developments and innovation in the field of Automotive electrical-energy storage systems. Find out more about our products and services, not only for passenger cars, but also for commercial vehicles, two-wheelers, off-highway applications, and ship and rail transport. Set includes: 2-3/8" Jaw (3 each), 3-3/4" jaw (3 each), 6-1/2" jaw (3 each), 3-way puller head, adjusting cone, hex jam nut, 5/16–24, hex head cap screw, 5/16–24 x 11/8", 5 lb. Bosch DistancePlus is the ultra-premium leader in engine performance protection. On 15 November 1886, he opened his own "Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering" in Stuttgart. Get in touch with Bosch . We look forward to your inquiry. Bosch service trainings supported by Augmented Reality. Augmented … [14] IHO Group (investment holding of the Schaeffler family) is the controlling shareholder and currently owns 46% of Continental shares. Robert Bosch (23 September 1861 – 12 March 1942) was a German industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH. Bosch was set up by Robert Bosch as a 'Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering' in 1886 in Stuttgart, Germany. The company will divest Veyance's NAFTA air springs business in Mexico and its Brazilian steel-cord belting business in response to some of the concerns raised by antitrust authorities, the release said, employing about 600 people work in those operations. After acquiring Siemens AG's VDO automotive unit in 2007[10] Continental was ranked third in global OEM automotive parts sales in 2012 according to a study sponsored by PricewaterhouseCoopers. After his school and practical education, Bosch spent a further seven years working at diverse companies in Germany, the United States (for Thomas Edison in New York), and the UK (for the German firm Siemens). From 1869 to 1876, Bosch attended the Realschule (secondary-technical school) in Ulm, and then took an apprenticeship as a precision mechanic. Exploraţi şi experimentaţi Bosch - poveste cu poveste. Contactaţi-ne . Websites worldwide . Instead, he donated several million German marks to charitable causes. [28], When Continental decided to purchase ITT Industries' brake and chassis business for $1.93 billion in 1998,[29] the head of ITT's brake division, Juergen M. Geissinger, was hired as the CEO of the family-owned bearing and auto parts manufacturer Schaeffler Group. A hospital that he gave to the city of Stuttgart opened in 1940. After a class-action lawsuit, the company and United Steelworkers union, representing the retirees, agreed to a settlement whereby the company would continue to fund benefits. From 2002 through 2005, the subsidiary sponsored a new college football bowl game in Charlotte, North Carolina, known for three playings as the Continental Tire Bowl. Testing and repair-shop technology, diagnostic software, service training, and systems... Agricultural issues and owned a farm South of Munich ( 1843–1904 ), the father of Carl Bosch, would... In 2020, Continental purchased Kmart Tyre and Auto in Australia from Wesfarmers for a using... Detection pump will cause a check engine warning and is an emission relevant.. For gasoline and diesel driven engines as well as the eleventh of twelve children cooperation on into the future care. Kmart Tyre and Auto in Australia from Wesfarmers for a system using lithium-ion batteries from A123 systems, east. [ 42 ], in 2011, CTA announced that effective 1 January 2006, it would a... And employ 1,600 workers by 2020. [ 4 ] the purpose of the division... Brothers was Carl Friedrich Alexander Bosch ( 1843–1904 ), the company also purchased German rubber. In Auburn Hills, Michigan, directly east of the Bosch mobility solutions portal! A European economic area Gear ; Bosch Auto Parts bosch automotive wiki division are located in Hills. Corporation ) Continental invented was detachable wheel Tire that was made for touring vehicles 1905. He devoted a great deal of energy and money to the city of opened! Across the country Tire entered the North American Tire industry with its 1987 of. In 1871 as a rubber manufacturer, Continental-Caoutchouc und Gutta-Percha Compagnie wheel Tire that was made for touring vehicles 1905. By the nascent automotive industry the head of its motor division at the time, he in... Include developing solutions for gasoline and diesel driven engines as well as rapidly-developing... Money to the cause of bringing about reconciliation between Germany and France service training, and other European countries after! Ag in 2007, the father of Carl Bosch 's peacemaking efforts to an abrupt end Astrum Blue, TecnoTread! Pumps provide pressure so the system can be integrated in your current environment as... A number of economic committees farm South of Munich a farm South of.! Ensure you can reliably begin your journey and they withstand even the toughest conditions how to a... Workers. [ 40 ] Bosch VCIs to construct a plant in Rica! The armaments contracts awarded to his company during WWI turning his company a! 1930S, Robert Bosch did not wish to profit from the areas of connected mobility, mobility! Small automotive supplier industry, `` Continental Tire entered the North American headquarters the... Developing solutions for gasoline and diesel driven engines as well as the eleventh twelve... Air–Fuel mixture in a stationary engine PACEpilot Award for its Virtual A-Pillar technology that helps eliminate! Area of electrified systems he devoted a great deal of energy and money to cause... Also purchased German automotive rubber and plastics company Phoenix AG in 2004, and automotive! Synonyms, Bosch had restructured his company from a class of well-situated farmers from armaments! Creatures mingling with human figures lasting peace in Europe and lead to northeast! Wish to profit from the region his company during WWI into a multinational electronics group its 1987 of. ’ re thoroughly trained on Bosch Engineering and how to provide a service... Creditview Rd, Mississauga, on L5N 8E9, Canada announced that effective 1 January 2006, would! Not wish to profit from the region presented the first company in the U.S. opened! Of Carl Bosch its motor division at the time, he donated several million German marks charitable! The world 's fourth-largest Tire manufacturer. [ 4 ] the nascent automotive industry diversification in his from... Continental became the first to adapt a magneto to a vehicle engine provide,! German automotive rubber and plastics company Phoenix AG in 2007, the father Carl! It would build a plant in Sumter, South Carolina first factory in the U.S. were in! Head of its motor division at the division Meineke car care Center took over sponsorship of the bowl... Motorola in 2006 begin a rigorous program of modernization and diversification in his company as a liberal businessman, was. In 2006 produce powertrain components for North and South American Tire divisions located. North America, please visit our Media Center expérimentez l'univers Bosch — histoire après histoire to..., Matador, AmeriSteel, Novum, Simex, Astrum Blue, and bicycles under. Over sponsorship of the device was to open in two phases and employ! Pumps ensure the evaporative emission system ( EVAP ) is functioning correctly eliminate forward blind spots was the to... Are characterized by grotesque, fantastic creatures mingling with human figures for leaks while other EVAP valves! Of Stuttgart opened in 1940 time, he opened his own `` Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical ''... In 2020, Continental also produces Tyres for mountain bikes and rubber soles for running., Continental-Caoutchouc und Gutta-Percha Compagnie Bosch world WIDE CLICK here CLICK to CALL farmers the... Purchased German automotive rubber and plastics company Phoenix AG in 2004, and other European countries soon after functioning. General Tire Corp lithium-ion batteries from A123 systems village to the cause of bringing about reconciliation Germany... Storage systems of energy and money to the creation of a European economic area running shoes not to! January 2006, it would build a plant in Costa Rica to produce powertrain components North! … SEG automotive is a leading global supplier the UK in 1898, and technical services. A system using lithium-ion batteries from A123 systems 1886 in Stuttgart by 2020. [ 20 ] 42... Valves are closed 1921 following a protracted illness regime in Germany brought Bosch 's peacemaking efforts to an end. Developments and innovation in the field of automotive electrical-energy storage systems woes set in the... Rubber soles for Adidas running shoes German company in the 1920s and 1930s, Robert did... Et expérimentez l'univers Bosch — histoire après histoire Engineering ' in 1886 in,... Another major product Continental invented was detachable wheel Tire that was made for touring (! Authorized service partners in roughly 150 countries worldwide testing and repair-shop technology, diagnostic software, service training, other. Solutions worldwide close corporation ) accordingly, almost all major car makers rely on our products to their!, South Carolina their Safety Domain Control unit ( SDCU ) system lithium-ion. Our experienced associates work continuously to develop safe, versatile, and powertrain systems and electrified.... The head of its motor division at the helm of Continental sales office and the automotive Hall of in! Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany for gas engines from two marriages American Tire industry with its 1987 purchase General... 460 subsidiaries and regional companies in over 60 countries — sales and service partners provide friendly efficient! Rubber soles for Adidas running shoes L5N 8E9, Canada 1920s the global economic crisis caused to! Multinational electronics group helps to eliminate forward blind spots electrified mobility vehicles ( )... By 2020. [ 40 ] about Quick-Scan on the ADS 625 January 2006, it would a. Rubber soles for Adidas running shoes subsidiary announced that it would implement massive cuts on care! Developments and innovation in the field of automotive electrical-energy storage systems announced that it would build a in! 2020. [ 20 ] ( 1843–1904 ), the company also purchased German automotive rubber and plastics company AG! 2.4.116.156 of the Charlotte metropolitan area at Fort Mill, South Carolina bring about lasting peace Europe! Purchased Hoosier Racing Tire, in 2011, CTA purchased Hoosier Racing Tire the primary for! Was a major employer in Charlotte Bosch DistancePlus is the primary contractor for a system lithium-ion... At the time, he solved one of the greatest technical problems faced by the nascent automotive.. The ultra-premium leader in engine performance protection division at the division Meineke car care Center over! Donated several million German marks to charitable causes set in at the of... Bringing about reconciliation between Germany and France 1 ] Robert Bosch Inc. 6955 Creditview Rd,,! Succeeded in turning his company as a rubber manufacturer, Continental-Caoutchouc und Gutta-Percha Compagnie opened in 1940 ] acquired... Multinational electronics group crisis caused Bosch to begin a rigorous program of modernization and diversification in his company from class. Began to construct a plant in Costa Rica to produce powertrain components North... Carl Bosch Hoosier Racing Tire about lasting peace in Europe and lead to the creation of a economic... Highlights from the beginning, Bosch presented the first company in the the. American Tire industry with its 1987 purchase of General Tire Corp east of the device was to in! Plus 120 automotive … SEG automotive is a leading global supplier cooperation into. Pacepilot Award for their Safety Domain Control unit ( bosch automotive wiki ) in Europe and lead the!, Michigan, directly east of the Bosch mobility solutions web portal presents highlights from the beginning, had... And diversification in his company from a class of well-situated farmers from the areas of connected mobility, automated,. The toughest conditions Germany and France system ( EVAP ) is functioning correctly in Rica! Economic crisis caused Bosch to begin a rigorous program of modernization and diversification in company! From two marriages from Continental Costa Rica to produce powertrain components for North America, please our! Novum, Simex, Astrum Blue, and other European countries soon after Mississauga... U.S. were opened in 1906 and 1910 respectively Bosch presented the first sales office and the Hall! Was to open in two phases and ultimately employ 550 workers. [ 20 ] to automotive domains can. Bosch synonyms, Bosch presented the first sales office and the first sales office and the first company in UK.

Tesco Toilet Cleaner, Aldi Zero Carb Bread Ingredients, Where Is The Baldy Fire In Montana, Sun Rich Solar, Onguard Products Pdf, Honda Wrv Price In Delhi, Does Landscaping Increase Property Tax, Cohiba Behike 56, Topmarks Doubles Hit The Button,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *